Melghat Tiger Reserve is among the first nine Tiger Reserves situated in the northern part of Amravati district of Maharashtra state. This reserve came into existence in 1974, which lies in Satpura ranges in Vidarbha region and is spread over an area of around 1677 sq. km.The core area of the reserve, Gugamal National Park covers 361.28 sq. km. area and buffer area of the reserve, the Melghat Tiger Sanctuary covers 788.28 sq. km. The reserve has dry deciduous forests with 41 species of mammals, 250 species of birds, 24 species of fish and 160 species of reptiles and snakes.Tourists can spot various types of flora including teak, lendia, moyan, ain and many other species. The reserve has 90 species of trees, 66 species of shrubs, 320 species of herbs, 56 species of climbers, 23 sedge species and 99 grass species.Tiger, leopard, wild dog are some of the animals that can be seen in the reserve. The five rivers that flow from this reserve are Sipna, Khandu, Dolar, Gadga and Khapra which are the tributaries of the main River Tapti. The reserve also has around 61 villages that are inhabited by various tribes including Korku tribe, Gond, Nihal, Balai and others.Moreover, tourists can also explore the archaeological richness as there is Gavilgarh Fort on the Chikhaldara plateau and Narnala Fort in the south-eastern part of Melghat Tiger Reserve.